Saint Patrick´s Day

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Saint Patrick´s Day

Saint Patrick (Latin: Patricius; Proto-Irish: *Qatrikias;[2] Modern Irish: Pádraig;[3] Welsh: Padrig;[4] c. 387 – 17 March c. 460[5] or c. 492[6]) was a Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the “Apostle of Ireland”, he is the primary patron saint of the island along with Saints Brigid and Columba.

Two authentic letters from him survive, from which come the only generally-accepted details of his life.[7] When he was about 16, he was captured from his home and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After becoming a cleric, he returned to northern and western Ireland as an ordained bishop, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had already come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland.

Most available details of his life are from subsequent hagiographies, and these are now not accepted without detailed criticism. The Annals of Ulster state that he arrived in Ireland in 432, ministered in Ulster around 443, and died in 457 or 461.[8] The text, however, distinguishes between “Old Patrick”[9] and “Patrick, archapostle of the Scots,”[10] who died in 492.[8] The actual dates of Patrick’s life cannot be fixed with certainty but, on a widespread interpretation, he was active as a missionary in Ireland during the second half of the 5th century.[11] He is generally credited with being the first bishop of Armagh, Primate of All Ireland.

Saint Patrick’s Day is observed on March 17, the date of his death.[12] It is celebrated both inside and outside Ireland, as both a liturgical and non-liturgical holiday. In the dioceses of Ireland, it is both a solemnity and a holy day of obligation; outside Ireland, it can be a celebration of Ireland itself.

Dia de São Patrício (em inglês: Saint Patrick’s Day, em irlandês: Lá ’le Pádraig ou Lá Fhéile Pádraig), é a festa anual que celebra São Patrício, um dos padroeiros da Irlanda, e é normalmente comemorado no dia 17 de Março pelos países que falam a língua inglesa. Essa data é normalmente medida pela autoridade da Igreja. As pessoas vestem-se de trajes verdes, saindo as ruas em uma longa caminhada festiva. Hoje, Dia de São Patrício é provavelmente o mais amplamente comemorado dia de santos no mundo.

O primeiro “Saint Patrick’s Festival” foi realizado no dia 17 de Março de 1996. Em1997, tornou-se um evento de três dias, e em 2000 foi um evento de quatro dias. Em2006, o festival durou cinco dias.

No passado, o Dia de São Patrício era apenas uma celebração da cerveja. Tornou-se um feriado público no ano de 1903. Na Inglaterra, foi introduzido no Parlamento pelo irlandês James O’Mara. Mais tarde, O’Mara introduziu a lei que proibia que os pubs fechassem no dia 18 de Março, uma providência que só foi mudada nos anos 70. A primeira manifestação ocorreu em Dublin, no ano de 1931, e foi criticada pelo ministro Fitzgerald.

Fonte:
http:// pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dia_de_São_Patrício
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Patrick

Por |Março 15th, 2013|Diversos|0 Comments

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